Animal Virology

Viruses are smaller and simpler in construction than unicellular microorganisms, and they contain only one type of nucleic acid—either DNA or RNA—never both. As viruses don't have ribosomes, mitochondria, or other organelles, they are completely dependent on their cellular hosts for energy production and protein synthesis. Viruses replicate only within cells of the host that they infect. Animal virology developed largely from the necessity to regulate viral diseases in humans and their domesticated animals. Viruses, like other infectious agents, enter the animal body through one among its surfaces. They then spread either locally on one of the body surfaces or through lymphatic and blood vessels to produce systemic infection. Iridoviridae and African Swine Fever Virus, adenovirus, Papillomavirus and Polyomavirus, herpesvirus are a number of the main viruses causing diseases in cattle. At least one major disease of every animal species except sheep is affected by a herpesvirus, including such important diseases as infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, pseudorabies, and Marek's disease. However, there are several approaches to their prevention, control, and eradication. The most commonly useful control measure is the use of vaccines.

 

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